The Austrian Bone Health Movement has stated that osteoporosis refers to a decrease in bone density caused by the breakdown of bone tissue, leading to porous and unstable bones. This condition restricts mobility and increases the risk of falls and fractures.
The association explained that the causes of osteoporosis include ageing, a decrease in estrogen levels after menopause, or conditions such as hyperthyroidism and diabetes. It can also be a side effect of medications such as cortisone.
Furthermore, unhealthy lifestyle choices, especially obesity, lack of physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption, increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.
To combat osteoporosis, the association recommends ensuring an adequate intake of calcium, which is found in dairy products and green leafy vegetables such as broccoli and spinach, in addition to Vitamin D, obtained through exposure to sunlight, and consuming fatty fish such as salmon, trout, and mackerel.
In addition to a healthy diet, it is important to engage in regular exercise and physical activities such as walking and muscle-strengthening exercises. Quitting smoking and alcohol consumption and maintaining a healthy weight are also essential.